Title: Text-to-Text,Text-to-Self,Text-to-World

By: Patti Hayes, edited by Hanna Bosak and Amanda Fisk

Textbook definition: A learning strategy applied by elementary students while reading a text. Prompted by the teacher, students ask themselves whether the text they are reading reminds them of something that happened in their own lives.

Describe the lesson: The teacher will read the book, Sunflower, to her class. While reading, the teacher discusses the illustrations and new vocabulary words. After this, the the teacher allowed the students to share their thoughts and experiences while using the Text-to-Text strategy.

October 14, 2009
McNeill Elementary
2nd grade

Objectives of the lesson: For the students to be able to distinguish living and non-living things. The teacher wanted students to be able to use Text-to-Text, Text-to-Self, or Text-to-World strategies and make connections to personal experiences or a connection to another book.

Materials needed for the lesson: The book, Sunflower, worksheet

Procedure: The teacher had students come sit on the rug as a group. The teacher explained to the students they would be learning about living and non-living things. The teacher also explained and gave examples of Text-to-Text, Text-to-Self, and Text-to-World connections and told students to think of personal connections while she read the story. After the teacher read the story, the students went back to their desks and were to work on their Text connection worksheet.

Supporting Documents:
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My observation of the lesson: The teacher called on students by numbers to come and sit on the rug. She reminded the students to sit criss-cross applesauce and follow rules when sitting on the rug as a group. The teacher explained the differences between living and non-living things to the students. This led to a group discussion and there were many questions and answers about what they thought was living and non-living. The teacher quieted the students and showed them the book, Sunflower. The students made predictions about the book before the teacher read it. The teacher reminded the students before reading the book to be thinking about Text connections. The teacher did a picture walk and then read the book to the students. The teacher told the students that examples of Text connections are when reading one book reminds you of another book or a connection to an individual person, or even your personal life outside of school. The students were very engaged in this lesson and enjoyed the discussion about living and non-living things. The teacher allowed sufficient time for the students to interact with the teacher and other students when giving individual examples. After the discussion period, the students went back to their desks to start on the next activity. The teacher passed out construction paper to all the students and gave out the instructions. The students were to draw an illustration of a sunflower, label the parts, and color the sunflower. The last activity for the students was to fill in the Text connection worksheet and write personal connections on the worksheet.

Benefits of Text Connection: There are several benefits to Text Connections. The benefits are students having the opportunity to make connections through Text-to-Text, Text-to-Self, or Text-to-World. These are individual experiences that students can share. These connections can be made every time a book is read. The key is to teach students how in making connections it verbalizes their thinking.

Drawbacks of Text Connection: The only drawback I can see is that if a teacher does not do extensive modeling with this strategy, the students will not be able to do independent work effectively.